Educational Needs Assessment For The Familie with Autistic Children

2019 International Volunteer Day
2019-12-31
Sports for All – fostering inclusion of persons with disabilities
2020-01-14

According to the previous studies, a questionnaire has been produced in 9 sections with 30 choices for the families nine categories from four different age groups. There were 40 parents with autistic child in 4 different age groups including: Under 5 years, Between 6 and 12 years, Between 13 and 18 years,  And Over 19 years.

The following table and pie charts show the age and gender distribution  of 1905 members of the Iranian Autism society:

 

Table 1: age groups of children with autism

numbers Age groups
161 Under5 years
818 6 to 12 years
578 13 to 18 years
348 Over 18

                                                          

Chart 1 and Table 1: age groups of children with autism

                

 

Chart 2: Age groups of female children with autism     

 

 

    

    Chart 3: Age groups of male children with autism 

 

The five educational priorities of the families with 5 years old or younger children with autism

  • Suitable methods of increasing appropriate behaviors and decreasing inappropriate behaviors using a reward and punishment system
  • Cognitive skills with more focusing on attention, oncentration, memory and so on.
  • Toilet training to increase their control on urination and defecation
  • Games and plays, which invlove both Parents and children
  • Age-matching games for different level of perception and cognition

The five educational priorities for the families with autistic children between 6 and 12 years

  • Future career skills for teenagers with autism spectrum disorder
  • Cognitive skills containing practices on focusingm attention, concentration, memory etc.
  • pertaining Verbal skills such as audio analysis and phonation.
  • Patience skills for controlling anxiety, and stressful and emotional problems.
  • Crisis management in families with autistic children.

 

The five educational priorities for the families with autistic children  between 13 and 18 years old

  • Teaching Patience skills for controlling anxiety, and stressful and emotional problems.
  • Career training for teenagers with autism spectrum disorders.
  • Finding and improving the athletic talents and sport skills in autistic children
  • Improvement of communication skills and social interactions
  • Improvement of citizenship skills

 

The five educational priorities for the families with autistic children aged over 19 years

  • Improvement of communication skills and social interactions
  • Cognitive skills with more focusing on attention, concentration, memory etc.
  • Citizenship skills
  • Patience skills regarding controlling the level of anxiety and stressful and emotional problems.
  • Job training for teenagers with autism spectrum disorder

The five educational priorities for the therapists, care assistants and assessors

  • Sensory and movement problems of autistic children
  • Skills of presenting useful information about the effects of diagnosis of autism on affected families and the ways to manage it
  • Professional skills for toilet training of the autistic children and their families and carers
  • Applied methods in order to increase the appropriate behaviours and decrease the inappropriate habits by using a reward and punishment system
  • Improving the quality of parents’ marital life and relationships

The five educational priorities for the parents of autistic children in terms of statistics from each age group

  • Cognitive skills containing attention, concentration, memory and so on.
  • Patience skills containing controlling the level of anxiety and stressful and emotional problems.
  • Improvement of communication and social interactions skills.
  • Job and career training for the teenagers with autism spectrum disorders.
  • Discovering athletic talents and sport skills.

Conclusion

The Overall five educational priorities for the parents with autistic children and the health carers regarding statistics from each age groups are:

  • Suitable methods in order to increase appropriate behaviours and decrease inappropriate behaviours using a reward and punishment system.
  • Improvement of communication and social interactions skills.
  • Crisis management in families with autistic children.
  • Citizenship skills
  • Cognitive skills, which contains attention, concentration memory and other related skills.

 

Proposed methods from the needs assessment meeting and complementary interviews

  • producing and broadcasting virtual contents through social media including Instagram and Telegram using materials such as specialist and consultant video, infographic and motiongraphic clips and related links with pictures.
  • Monthly professional consultation using each volunteer helper as a supportive resource (within a defined contract ending in certificates).
  • Book, book summaries and audio books.
  • Educational booklets and pamphlets.
  • SMS panels and sending short quotes and tips and related links.
  • Happy events and ceremonies.
  • Interactive workshops
  • Naturalisation of local workshops for different cities and provinces based on their local needs throughout presentation of necessary headlines using teachers with relevant curriculum vitae.
  • Producing relevant contents in websites